Definition,types&symptoms,causes,preventions and treatment of communicable disease



 Definition of Communicable Diseases: Communicable diseases, also known as infectious or contagious diseases, are illnesses caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi.

Types and Symptoms:

The types and symptoms of communicable diseases are:

1.      Respiratory Infections:

·         Examples: Influenza, Tuberculosis, Common Cold

·         Symptoms: Coughing, sneezing, difficulty breathing, fever.

2.      Gastrointestinal Infections:

·         Examples: Cholera, Norovirus, Salmonella

·         Symptoms: Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain.

3.      Vector-Borne Diseases:

·         Examples: Malaria, Dengue Fever, Zika Virus

·         Symptoms: Fever, body aches, rash, fatigue.

4.      Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs):

·         Examples: HIV/AIDS, Gonorrhea, Syphilis

·         Symptoms: Genital sores, discharge, pain during intercourse.

5.      Zoonotic Diseases:

·         Examples: Rabies, Ebola, COVID-19 (suspected to have zoonotic origins)

Common Communicable Diseases:

·         COVID-19, Influenza, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Cholera, Hepatitis, Measles, Dengue Fever, and more.


·         Transmission can occur through direct contact, airborne particles, contaminated food or water, insect bites, or sexual contact.


·         Vaccination: Immunization is crucial to prevent many communicable diseases.

·         Hygiene: Regular handwashing, proper sanitation, and safe food handling.

·         Vector Control: Using measures to control disease-carrying organisms like mosquitoes.

·         Safe Practices: Safe sex practices to prevent the spread of STIs.


·         Treatment varies based on the specific disease and can involve antiviral medications, antibiotics, or supportive care to manage symptoms.

·         Timely medical intervention is essential for many communicable diseases.

Summary: Communicable diseases are caused by microorganisms and can spread from person to person. They manifest in various types, each with distinct symptoms. Common examples include respiratory infections, gastrointestinal infections, vector-borne diseases, STIs, and zoonotic diseases. Prevention involves vaccination, hygiene, vector control, and safe practices. Treatment is disease-specific, often requiring medications and timely medical intervention. Public health efforts focus on controlling and preventing the spread of communicable diseases to protect individuals and communities.


#buttons=(Accept !) #days=(20)

Our website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Check Now
Accept !