HIV AIDS, Transmission, Causes, Symptoms and Signs, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment:




Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is brought on by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is a global health concern. Since its discovery in the early 1980s, HIV/AIDS has posed significant threats to global public health.



Blood, sexual fluids, and breast milk are some of the most common body fluids that carry HIV. Unprotected sex, sharing of polluted needles, and perinatal transmission from a tainted mother to her kid during labor or breastfeeding are well known methods of transmission.



HIV is a retrovirus that attacks CD4 cells, specifically in the immune system. It replicates, infiltrates these cells, and gradually weakens the immune system. There are two main types of the virus: HIV-1 and HIV-2, with HIV-1 being the most far and wide and pathogenic.


Symptoms and Signs:

Although initial HIV infection may cause flu-like symptoms, many people do not experience any symptoms for years. As the infection advances, side effects can incorporate constant fever, exhaustion, weight reduction, and crafty diseases. The improvement of Helps is set apart by a seriously compromised invulnerable framework.



HIV diagnosis relies on a variety of laboratory procedures, including blood tests for antibodies or viral genetic material. Early recognition is significant for convenient intercession and counteraction of sickness movement.



In the fight against HIV/AIDS, prevention is of the utmost importance. Safe sex works on, including condom use, and the evasion of sharing needles are basic. Preventative measures include regular testing, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and public education campaigns. Antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy and breastfeeding is one method of preventing transmission from mother to child.



The treatment for HIV/AIDS relies heavily on the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). This medicine restrains viral replication, controls the viral burden, and keeps up with insusceptible capability. For the treatment to be effective, it must be followed. To further combat this global health issue, ongoing research aims to develop vaccines and cutting-edge therapeutic strategies. In the ongoing fight against HIV/AIDS, early detection, access to treatment, and a comprehensive public health strategy are crucial components.

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